Sujit Choudhry and his Impact in the Legal Sector

In the recent past, comparative law has gained popularity due to democratization, internationalism, as well as economic globalization. The comparative law deals with the similarities and differences between the laws of different countries. It involves the study of several legal systems that exist in the world, such as the civil law, Canon law, Islamic law, Chinese law, common law, socialist law, Jewish law, and Hindu law. The comparative law includes the analysis and description of international legal structures, even where clear comparisons are missing. Comparative law has been divided into other fields such as the comparative constitutional law, comparative civil law, comparative criminal law, comparative administrative law, and comparative commercial law.

Comparative law serves three major purposes which include perfecting the legal systems being used, unification of legal systems, and acquiring deeper knowledge of the legal structures in effect. Regardless of the differences between comparative law and other legal fields, the other legal fields borrow quite a lot from comparative law. For instance, knowledge in comparative law can be used to assist international legal institutions in evaluating the laws of other countries concerning their treaty obligations. The comparative law can also be applied in private international law especially in conflict analysis.

Sujit Choudhry is a globally recognized leader in comparative constitutional law. He was an advisor to the constitutional building process in Egypt, Libya, South Africa, Tunisia, Jordan, and many other states. Most of his research addresses most of the issues in comparative constitutional laws, such as constitutional design as a tool for managing successful transitions from violent conflicts to peaceful democratic political affairs; federalism, constitutional design in ethnically separated communities; official language rules, constitutional courts, and constitution building.

Sujit is an author and has published more that ninety book chapters, articles, and reports. He is part of the executive team of the International Society of Public Law (ICONS). In addition, he is part of the editorial board of the Constitutional Court Review. Sujit founded the Center for Constitutional Transitions, which generates and mobilize knowledge to support constitutional building. Sujit is a law professor at the Berkeley Law School. Sujit trained at Harvard, Toronto, and Oxford.

Dodd-Frank Creates A Safe Harbor For Whistleblowers

There is a new segment of employees not only in the government but also in the private sector today. This group is known by the unflattering name of “Whistleblower”. The term was obviously borrowed from the sports industry its use conjures up the image of a referee at a football or basketball game where the referee witnesses a rule infraction by one of the players and blows his whistle to penalize the team that made the “foul”. Today, however, because of the criminal acts that were commuted by the banks, mortgage companies, and brokerage firms that all but completely collapsed the financial system in America Congress enacted sweeping reform legislation. One, in particular, was the Dodd-Frank act which was enacted in 2010. One of the provisions of Dodd-Frank was a new whistleblower program that provided to the whistleblower powerful employment protection acts and monetary motivation to individuals that reported potential violations of federal securities laws to the Securities and Exchange Commission or as it is commonly known, the SEC.

As a response to this extraordinary legislation, the law firm of Labaton Sucharow established itself as the very first law firm in the country to establish a law firm that exclusively dealt with protecting and advocating for the SEC whistleblowers. Many people may wonder why this is even needed but when you think about it the answer of why becomes very clear. If you worked for a large investment firm and as an employee, you discovered your employer was robbing their clients blind or knowingly giving them false or misleading information just to make commissions how would you feel? Would you feel safe reporting these potential crimes to authorities? Of course, you wouldn’t, and that’s the reason Dodd-Frank was passed.

Labaton Sucharow has at its disposal a world class team of in-house investigators, monetary analysts, and forensic accountants with both federal and state law enforcement experience that will provide the best representation available for the whistleblower. In addition to the expert legal assistance available, Labaton Sucharow’s practice is led by a former Assistant Director and Assistant Chief Litigation Counsel of the Division of Enforcement of the SEC. This was done for only one reason, to make those companies that have been accused of wrongdoing to comply with the rules.

Additionally, under the rules of Dodd-Frank, the SEC is required to pay whistleblowers up to 30% of any money judgments collected as a result of a successful SEC enforcement action in which sanctions exceed $1 million dollars. It also prohibits retaliation by employers against employees.